Georgia needs to tap into migration to foster its Georgia 2020 development strategy
Georgia would benefit from strengthening its whole-of-government approach to making migration become an integral part of its overall development strategies, argues a new joint OECD Development Centre - Caucasus Research Resource Center (CRRC) report titled, Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development (IPPMD) in Georgia.
The report was launched on 28 March 2017 at the Public Service Hall in Tbilisi, along with the Delegation of the European Union to Georgia, the State Commission on Migration Issues (SCMI), CRRC-Georgia and key policy makers from several ministries in Georgia. It examines how migration affects key policy sectors in Georgia, particularly the labour market, agriculture, education, and investment and financial services. It also analyses how sectoral policies influence different migration outcomes, such as the decision to emigrate or return, and remittance patterns.
IPPMD in Georgia is the result of four years of fieldwork, empirical analysis and policy dialogues involving data collection from 2 260 households in Georgia, representing nearly 9 000 individuals, and was co-funded by the European Commission. The findings build on innovative household data that, for the first time, combine questions related to migration and to public policies. It is part of a larger comparative project involving nine other countries: Armenia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Morocco and the Philippines.
Migrants and the remittances they send make a positive contribution to the development of their countries of origin. In Georgia, remittances grew by more than 500% between 2004 and 2014. For this contribution to be fully exploited, the effects of migration on the various sectors have to be systematically taken into account in the process of policymaking, and the same about the effects of sectoral policies on migration. To that end, Georgia created the SCMI in 2010 and developed two migration strategies, respectively in 2013 and in 2016, providing guidance for public authorities to best enhance the value of migration for the country.
The report finds that sustaining and deepening the efforts made by the SCMI will be key to ensuring the role of public policies on migration is fully taken into account. In particular, the objectives of migration and policies in other sectors need to be aligned with each other to a greater extent. Better policy coherence will deflect the risks of unintended outcomes, which can compromise the effectiveness of public policies in Georgia.
Please click here to read the IPPMD full report.
For more information on the IPPMD project, please visit the OECD website.